Combination of sedating and non sedating antihistamines
As well as tablets, antihistamines are available as injections, elixirs, and creams.
An injection can be given in case of severe allergic reaction (although in such cases, adrenaline (epinephrine) may be more appropriate and can be life-saving).
There is some overlap between the terms "sedative" and "hypnotic".
Advances in pharmacology have permitted more specific targeting of receptors, and greater selectivity of agents, which necessitates greater precision when describing these agents and their effects: Doctors often administer sedatives to patients in order to dull the patient's anxiety related to painful or anxiety-provoking procedures.
Results of a radiolabeled tissue distribution study in rats and a radioligand H1-receptor binding study in guinea pigs showed that desloratadine did not readily cross the blood brain barrier. Dosing: Oral: Children: 6-11 months: 1 mg once daily 12 months to 5 years: 1.25 mg once daily 6-11 years: 2.5 mg once daily Children /= 12 years and Adults: 5 mg once daily Supplied Syrup (Clarinex®): 0.5 mg/m L (480 m L) [bubble gum flavor] Tablet (Clarinex®): 5 mg Tablet, orally-disintegrating (Clarinex® Redi Tabs®): 5 mg [contains phenylalanine 1.75 mg/tablet] Adult (usual) Chronic idiopathic urticaria: 60 mg orally twice daily.
Seasonal allergic rhinitis: 60 mg orally twice daily or 180 mg once daily.
Please see package insert for additional information and possible updates.
They increase tractability and compliance of children or troublesome or demanding patients.
Topical preparations (ointments and creams) are often applied to insect bites but are not very effective as the antihistamine chemical does not penetrate the skin well.